Samvardhan – Dangi Breed Preservation under the Initiatives of Sowing the Seeds
Towards sustainability and rural livelihoods
Livestock plays an important role in Indian economy. About 20.5 million people depend upon livestock for their livelihood. Livestock contributed 16% to the income of small farm households as against an average of 14% for all rural households.
Today, no one knows the names of India’s fast-vanishing indigenous cattle breeds anymore and hardly anyone cares. Traditional cowshed management practices are dead and forgotten. India faces an acute fodder shortage that has left drought-hit farmers and livestock vulnerable.
These indigenous cow breeds can act as a silver bullet in tackling the impending crisis.
Bhavyata Foundation has initiated a rural project for creating a sustainable environment for the preservation of the Dangi breeds in the neighbouring villages of Murbad Taluka of Thane district, along with rural architecture of water, fodder availability and storage facilities for perishable commodity like milk. Currently, we created a support system by way for rural – urban linkages to supply the daily milk of these indigenous breeds of cows from villages to city of Mumbai.
Total Dangi cattle population in this belt numbers upto 3500, which are already sheltered amongst individual residents of villages in their own homes as one of their family members.
In the current situation majority of the farmers are not capable to economically sustain their cattle, thus recognising the need for proper conservation and care.
Bhavyata Foundation supports the farmers and locals by support for market linkages, while strengthening rural infrastructure and conserving natural resources to generate sustained livelihoods by agriculture and dairy farming.
Defining three major areas for support as Infrastructure, Preservation of Breed and Water Conservation for Samvardhan of Dangi Breeds of Bovine at Murbad Taluka. Thane District.
Studies unanimously confirm that rural infrastructure contributes significantly for improving the quality of human life and phenomenally accelerating the process of rural economy. Vakalwadi village houses around 320 residents and 220 livestock, mostly bovines comprising of dairy based livelihoods. Unfortunately for the topology and geology of the region doesn’t afford agricultural output hence the village needs economical support from dairy based activities. Infrastructure for housing 100 bovines shall significantly improve the care conditions for improved dairy output.
Preservation of Breed and Improve Dairy Productivity
Dairy farming is a major source of income for a staggering 121 million farmers in India, with total production touching 176 million metric tonnes in 2018. However, farmers are struggling to earn a livelihood due to the unavailability of quality fodder and high cost of cattle feed, resulting in streaking economic losses. According to a report by Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute (IGFRI), India is currently facing a shortfall accounting to 35.6 percent for green fodder, 11 percent for dry crop residues fodder, and 44 percent for concentrate feed ingredients. With more than 220 bovines contributing to rural livelihoods of the village, timely nutritional supplements and breed improvement can effectively raise the bar for dairy output.
Water Conservation project
Water conservation for the Vakalwadi Village with rain water harvesting techniques with ground water recharge
The residents of a village called Vakalwadi in tribal Murbad, Maharashtra with a population of 55 households with 320 residents and 220 livestock are experiencing an acute shortage of drinking water and deficiency for agriculture and dairy purposes. A heavy rainfall area in monsoons renders the mountainous regions with run off and wasted opportunity for saving precious resource. A ground water recharge project with run off from roof tops of homes shall be beneficial for harnessing this precious utility.
Support Infrastructure for 100 Bovines – Rs. 4,75,000
Support Breed Preservation for 100 Bovines
Support Green Fodder for 6 months (100 bovine) – Rs. 9,00,000
Support Nutritional Feed for 100 Bovines Annually – Rs. 54,00,000
Support Water Conservation Project – Rs. 11,00,000