Fight Malnutrition: Samadhan

Samaadhan initiative aims to provide healthy and nutritious meals to malnourished children while anchoring them to mainstream education. Under this program, we have identified a section in the tribal belt of Palghar. Intervention by a three-month program to impart nutritional diet three times a day along with medical supervision and nutrition education to sustain the impact in the villages. The intervention will be conducted for the malnourished children,  between 3-6 years olds through the Anganwadis.

Your donations save you money on taxes because all donations to Bhavyata Foundation are eligible for tax-deduction under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act.

Donate for Maternal Nutrition and Pregnancy Care

Women who are malnourished at conception are unlikely to improve their nutritional status during pregnancy when the fetus’s needs increase. They may not gain enough weight and die younger than healthy women.

 

It all comes down to the expecting mother’s mental health and physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being. MAA Program suggests some guidelines for pregnant women to follow in Effective and Healthy Diet, Exercise, Meditation, and Positive Communication.

Donate for Nutritional Supplements

The major cause of malnutrition in Palghar is poor living conditions which lead to poor nutrition for children. Poshan Positive food supplements designed by certified nutritionists would be provided to the children in Preschools(Anganwadis). The meals would be given thrice a day seven days a week for a total of three months. The specially designed meals would cover 70% of the estimated average requirement (EAR) of the nutrition. The Poshan Positive Pack consists of:

  • Poshan Crunch- Chikki
  • Poshan Snack – Khakra
  • Poshan Punch – Laddoo
  • Poshan Goodness – Sattu Milk

Donate for Nutrition Education

To educate the importance of a balanced diet we have 12 sessions over a span of 3 months for the mothers and caretakers to be imparted by a certified nutritionist. Along with this, we also teach them low-cost homemade recipes to fulfil children’s estimated average nutrition requirement.

Donate for Medical Care

Along with providing food supplements, children’s health needs monitoring. Children will undergo anthropometric measurements at the Preschool(Anganwadi) once in a month for 3 months. Regular health check-ups of preschool (Anganwadi) children. Paedetric consultation shall be available for health of the preschoolers and adequate guidance to be made available to their parents.

Updates

India is hungry, not just for economic development and social justice, but for food and nutrition. Dealing with prevalent malnutrition in the Palghar district, Maharashtra is within the scope of this project.

The Curse of Malnutrition
Loss of traditional forest-dependent sustenance, wage stagnation and mobility to urban areas to function as habitual income earners frequently employed in unskilled jobs reduce the odds of tribal households slithering out of impoverishment. All undernutrition, squander, and underweight framework are inflated among tribal youth with practically half of the primitive children under the age of 5 being restricted. Hence, the present intervention needs to be undertaken to assess the magnitude of under-nutrition among the tribal children under six years of age, their dietary pattern and food practices in the  Palghar District.
The prevalence of undernutrition is unacceptably high in Maharashtra, particularly among the tribal children of the Palghar district.

The predicament was closely related: nearly 30% of children below the age of 5 were underweight, according to ICDS programme data. As per the latest statistics, 3000 infants and child mortalities have happened in the last seven years. 37,272 children are underweight, and 6,000 are severely underweight as per 2018-19 statistics.

The Intervention Strategy
The project aims at a three-month pilot intervention to impart nutrition diet three times a day and medical supervision by education, awareness and intervention. Reaching out with the help of the local hospital, local grassroots community connect, Bhavyata Foundation has identified 200 severely malnourished tribal children from Palghar District, who need immediate attention for its pilot study.

Objectives of the Intervention

  1. To assess the nutritional status of preschool children aged between 3 to 6 years as malnutrition is most prevalent in this age group.
  2. To study the socio-economic factors associated with PEM (protein-energy malnutrition)
  3. To assess the effects of dietary education on mother of children with PEM.
  4. To evaluate the impact of supplementary nutrition on the nutritional status of PEM child for three months.

The above is an interventional study. A sample size of 100 children attending the two selected Anganwadi in Palghar is to be screened for malnutrition. Malnutrition screening shall be done with the help of Bhaktivedanta Hospital, Zadpoli, Vikramgad. Nutritional status to be assessed by anthropometric measurements (height, weight and MUAC) and clinical examination.
In the present study, intervention shall be done in the form of

  • Nutrition education
  • Supplementary food

Oral supplementary foods are defined as specially formulated foods in ready-to-eat, milled or powdered form which are modified in energy density, protein, fat and rich in micronutrients to help meet the nutritional requirements of children affected by severe acute malnutrition and moderate acute malnutrition (SAM AND MAM). The main ingredients in supplementary foods include rajgeera, varai (samo), chana dal, moringa leaves powder, groundnut, ragi, ghee, jaggery. The supplementation provides daily 600 kcal, including 18 gms of proteins and 20 gms of fat.
These foods serve as a supplement to their regular home diet, and not the entire daily nutritional intake requirement of these children.

SUPERVISION
Children will undergo anthropometric measurements at the Anganwadi centre once in a month for three months. Supplementary food shall be disbursed every week or three months. Regular health check-up of Anganwadi children. Treatment of minor illness and taking children to the paediatrician for those who required special care.

The beneficiaries are the numerous children affected with malnutrition, in the Vikramgad, Jawahar, Wada and Mokhada.

DATA COLLECTION

  • Parent/caretaker interview using a pre-designed proforma
  • Individual health records maintained in Anganwadi centres
  • Clinical examination
  • Anthropometry
  • 24 hrs Diet Recall

Data collection shall be done in groups of 5 children who are given pre-allotted time slots.

The material used for data collection

  • Salters weighing scale
  • Measuring tape
  • Proforma

Their anthropometry shall be serially recorded every month, for three months. Anganwadi sevikas and assistants supporting Bhavyata foundation shall undertake an essential role in distributing supplementary foods to all the selected children. The Anganwadi sevikas shall also be trained for the proper distribution of the supplemental foods which shall be distributed weekly. The children will be called to the Anganwadi centre once a week and given a supply for the whole week. This will be done over three months.
Weekly diet recall shall be recorded by Anganwadi sevikas and mentioned in diet recall sheets.

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